Food Sovereignty

What is Food Sovereignty?

 

Food sovereignty is the right of peoples to healthy and culturally appropriate food produced through ecologically sound and sustainable methods and their right to define their own food and agriculture systems. It puts the aspirations and needs of those who produce, distribute and consume food at the heart of food systems and policies rather than the demands of markets and corporations. It defends the interests and inclusion of the next generation. It offers a strategy to resist and dismantle the current corporate trade food regime by allowing decisions to be determined by local producers and user of food, farming, pastoral and fisheries systems.

 

Food sovereignty prioritises local and national economies and markets and empowers peasant and family farmer-driven agriculture, artisanal fishing, pastoralist-led grazing, and food production, distribution and consumption based on environmental, social and economic sustainability. Food sovereignty promotes transparent trade that guarantees just incomes to all peoples involved in the food system as well as the rights of consumers to control their food and nutrition.

 

It ensures that the rights to use and manage lands, territories, waters, seeds, livestock and biodiversity are in the hands of those of us who produce food. Food sovereignty implies new social relations free from oppression and inequality between men and women, peoples, racial groups, social and economic classes and generations.

 

Four Basic Principles Promoted by the International Planning Committee (IPC) for Food Sovereignty

 

The IPC advances principles, themes and values developed during the NGO-CSO Forum for Food Sovereignty in June 2002. These principles, themes and values pose a new global paradigm for food security based on health, culture, social justice and environmental sustainability. The IPC seeks to promote the four basic principles adopted by the 2002 Forum and to develop relationships which assist the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) in responding to the emerging new paradigm and the emerging movements that are breathing life into it.

 

The four basic principles:

 

1. The Right of All People to Food Security and the Right of All People to Food Sovereignty.

2. The right of local populations to manage and control local resources.

3. The need to move towards sustainable, agro-ecological methods of food production.

4. The need to give primacy to food security and food sovereignty principles when considering trade measures.

 

Food sovereignty requires:

 

Placing priority on food production for domestic and local markets.

Ensuring fair prices for farmers which mean the power to protect internal markets from low-priced, "dumped" imports.

Recognizing and promoting women’s role in food production, equitable access and control over production resources.

Community control over production resources.

Protecting seeds, the basis of food and life itself, for the free exchange and use of farmers.

 

Source: http://www.foodsovereignty.org/